plini de credinta inainte, spre cancer, bube, mucegaiuri si noroi

paradoxal, rufele scoase de multitudinea de ursuleti spalatori care trebaluiesc pe mariginile gangelui, arata curate, ca si cum grasimea umana si aia de animal, scarna si urina a 3 milioane de oameni si a sute de mii de vite, alte sute de mii de caini, cai, pisici, capre, maimute, veverite, sobalani nu reuseste sa murdareasca fluviul. nandan zice ca puritatea hainitelor intinse pe mal creeaza iluzia curateniei: apa este de 25.000 de ori mai poluata decat limita normala, facand veneratul gange sa fie cel mai toxic riu din lume. cumva insa, miraculos, nivelul de oxigen din apa este peste medie si astfel mai exista pesti pe care copiii ii prind si ii vand vii, inotand in cercuri in pungi, coreenilor veniti cu miile la varanasi care, incantati, dau fuga cu ei inapoi in riu, si ii elibereaza in timp ce baga o rugaciune.

calgonla dashshwamedh ghat, buricul religios al varanasiului, treptele sunt pline de imblanzitori de serpi, barbieri, maseuri, cersetori cu ingrozitoare boli de piele, oameni care vand ghirlande de flori si cei care vand vederi. imblanzitorul face eye contact si, dibaci, deschide capacele a doua oale de sarmale, unde dorm rapuse dupa petrecere, doua cobre puturoase. hasht, o ciupeste pe una de ceafa, cobra se ridica infoiata-”care esti maaa, acusi te mai pui cu mine?”, ma dau un pas inapoi, fermecatoru de serpi rade si zice ca nu patesc nimic si apoi desface o punga de rafie unde este tavalit un sarpe gras si timid pe care ma tot imbie sa il mangai, nu multumesc, nu multumesc. omul observa ca a doua cobra motaie in borcan asa ca ii trage un bobarnac in cap, sarpele se dezmeticeste si se ridica nervos, sasaind, imblanzitoru zice ca are 20 de ani, o fi batrana si obosita, saraca. scot 50 de rupee pentru spectacol si fermecatorul imi multumeste apoi ii boscorodeste pe 3 amarasteni care scosesera telefonul sa filmeze fara sa plateasca drepturi, pai ce e asta frate napster? dati banu daca vreti sa ajungeti smecheri pe youtube.

cobracetateni vin valuri, valuri punandu-si palmele pe fatza, frecandu-si viguros obrajii si urland la iulian: “shave sir? shave?”, nu multumesc, nu multumesc, evita prima linie dar uite ca vin pedestrasii, cu mainile intinse si urarea “namaste” pe buze. namaste-raspunde iulian si intinde mana care ii este instant insfacata si un masaj porneste imediat, “massage sir? good massage”, nu multumesc, nu multumesc, dar cum iti mai iei mana inapoi, asta sa-mi spui tu mie, cum o scoti din inclestarea omului invelit in carpe care, uite, are niste pete roz dubioase pe antebrat si niste buboaie pe fatza.

ciuma nu-i, e mai putina in ultimii ani. holera e mai degraba in perioada musonica, adica in cateva luni. lepra avem o-ho-ho, doriti? ca va facem un pachetel si va trimitem.

rata de gangenandang-ghidul de la groovy tours-un speciment fantastic de inginer-profesor-cercetator-itist-biolog-jurnalist, zice ca au crescut urias numarul bolilor gastrointestinale si ale celor de piele dar bolnavii nu pun botul la sfaturile medicilor care le spun sa stea departe de gange, sa nu mai bea apa din fluviu si sa nu mai faca baie si sunt convinsi ca, sigur au mancat ei ceva stricat, icrele negre sau stridiile erau expirate, n-are a face buba cu gangele, riul e sfant si continua sa faca baitza in apa cea mai poluata de pe terra. cica si doftorii se crucesc ca nu sunt mai multi bolnavi si spun ca ori e placeboul care il fereste pe credincios sa putrezeasca de viu, ori plantele medicinale pe care fluviul le taraste din himalaya care reuseste cumva sa-l mai purifice.

curatenia de iarnanandan spune ca acum gangele e mai curat decat constiinta lu iliescu, de la ploi s-a strans atat de multa apa la baraje, incat au trebuit sa le dea drumul pentru prima oara in multi ani si iaca, nivelul apei e mai crescut, fluviul nu mai e atat de jegos si nici nu sunt tantari. “vezi inelele alea prinse de case?”, capu-mi zboara pe spate, la vreo 4 metri deasupra sunt niste bucle de fier care ies din pubisul unui palat, “pana acolo e apa in timpul musonului, de inele prindem barcile care oricum nu pot sa iasa in larg, ca le ia curentul si, la revedere, le duce la mama dracului”. ce sa ma mai mir, doar e al treilea fluviu din lume si eroul celui mai mare plan din istorie de curatare a unui riu si totodata personajul principal al celui mai mare esec din istorie de curatare a unui riu, caci da, bineinteles ca sute de milioane de parai au fost duse pe apa sambetei, ca pe aia a gangelui nici vorba. o scurta si sinistra poveste o gasiti aici:

“The Ganges suffers from extreme pollution levels, which affect the 400 million people who live close to the river. Sewage from many cities along the river’s course, industrial waste and religious offerings wrapped in non-degradable plastics add large amounts of pollutants to the river as it flows through densely populated areas.The problem is exacerbated by the fact that many poorer people rely on the river on a daily basis for bathing, washing, and cooking.The World Bank estimates that the health costs of water pollution in India equal three percent of India’s GDP. It has also been suggested that eighty percent of all illnesses in India and one-third of deaths can be attributed to water-borne diseases.

Varanasi, a city of one million people that many pilgrims visit to take a “holy dip” in the Ganges, releases around 200 million litres of untreated human sewage into the river each day, leading to large concentrations of faecal coliform bacteria.According to official standards, water safe for bathing should not contain more than 500 faecal coliforms per 100ml, yet upstream of Varanasi’s ghats the river water already contains 120 times as much, 60,000 faecal coliform bacteria per 100 ml.

After the cremation of the deceased at Varanasi’s ghats the bones and ashes are thrown into the Ganges. However, in the past thousands of uncremated bodies were thrown into the Ganges during cholera epidemics, spreading the disease. Even today, holy men, pregnant women, people with leprosy/chicken pox, people who had been bitten by snakes, people who had committed suicide, the poor, and children under 5 are not cremated at the ghats but are floated free to decompose in the waters. In addition, those who can not afford the large amount of wood needed to incinerate the entire body, leave behind a lot of half burned body parts.

After passing through Varanasi, and receiving 32 streams of raw sewage from the city, the concentration of fecal coliforms in the river’s waters rises from 60,000 to 1.5 million,with observed peak values of 100 million per 100 ml. Drinking and bathing in its waters therefore carries a high risk of infection.

Between 1985 and 2000, Rs. 1,000 crore (Rs. 10 billion, around US$ 226 million, or less than 4 cents per person per year[citation needed]) were spent on the Ganga Action Plan, an environmental initiative that was “the largest single attempt to clean up a polluted river anywhere in the world.”The Ganga Action Plan has been described variously as a “failure,”a “major failure”.

According to one study,

The Ganga Action Plan, which was taken on priority and with much enthusiasm, was delayed for two years. The expenditure was almost doubled. But the result was not very appreciable. Much expenditure was done over the political propaganda. The concerning governments and the related agencies were not very prompt to make it a success. The public of the areas was not taken into consideration. The releasing of urban and industrial wastes in the river was not controlled fully. The flowing of dirty water through drains and sewers were not adequately diverted. The continuing customs of burning dead bodies, throwing carcasses, washing of dirty clothes by washermen, and immersion of idols and cattle wallowing were not checked. Very little provision of public latrines was made and the open defecation of lakhs of people continued along the riverside. All these made the Action Plan a failure.

The failure of the Ganga Action Plan, has also been variously attributed to “environmental planning without proper understanding of the human–environment interactions,” Indian “traditions and beliefs”, “corruption and a lack of technical knowledge”and “lack of support from religious authorities.”

In December 2009 the World Bank agreed to loan India US$ 1 billion over the next five years to help save the river.According to 2010 Planning Commission estimates, an investment of almost Rs. 7,000 crore (Rs. 70 billion, approximately US$ 1.5 billion) is needed to clean up the river.

In November 2008, the Ganges, alone among India’s rivers, was declared a “National River”, facilitating the formation of a National Ganga River Basin Authority that would have greater powers to plan, implement and monitor measures aimed at protecting the river.

The incidence of water-borne and enteric diseases – such as gastrointestinal disease, cholera, dysentery, hepatitis A and typhoid – among people who use the river’s waters for bathing, washing dishes and brushing teeth is high, at an estimated 66% per year.

Recent studies by ICMR say, It’s so full of killer pollutants that those living along its banks in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Bengal are more prone to cancer than anywhere else in the country.

Conducted by the National Cancer Registry Programme under the Indian Council of Medical Research, the study throws up shocking findings. The river is thick with heavy metals and lethal chemicals that cause cancer, it says. “We know that the incidence of cancer was highest in the country in areas drained by the Ganga. We also know why. Now, we are going deeper into the problem. Hopefully, we’ll be able to present a report to the health ministry in a month or two,” NCRP head A Nandkumar said.”

prostia e mare, dar uite ca doare.

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